- WFP’s has prioritized the Umerkot and Tharparkar districts in Sindh, and the Qilla Abdullah and Pashin districts in Balochistan, for drought response interventions. Area prioritization and cash feasibility assessments have been completed, and the partner selection process is ongoing.
Implementation of recovery support, food assistance for assets interventions using both food and cash modalities is expected to ensue subsequently. In addition, the Community Based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) programme is being expanded to prioritized areas of district Qilla Abdullah in Balochistan and District Tharparkar of Sindh.
- The United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has provided WFP with funds to conduct unconditional cash support for 63,000 Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) registered drought affected beneficiaries residing in Tharparkar district, Sindh. This cash support is a continuation of the one-off top up provided through funding from the Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT).
- WFP is initiating the implementation of its CMAM programme in the remote districts Shangla and Kohistan in Khyber Pathkunkhwa. This is being done with the support of resourcing from the United States. These districts have poor food and nutrition security, which is exacerbated by constraining cultural norms and poor health infrastructure in the region.
- A team from the office of the Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO), which included members from Brussels and Pakistan, visited Sindh’s Umerkot and Tharparkar districts to review the implementation of the CMAM surge pilot project and assess the needs of the drought affected areas of the province.
An average Pakistani household spends 50.8 percent of monthly income on food. This makes them particularly vulnerable to shocks, including high food prices. The impact of climate change and population displacements exacerbate the situation. - WFP p>
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Over the years, Pakistan has become a food surplus country and a major producer of wheat which it distributes to needy populations through various mechanisms, including the World Food Programme (WFP).
However, the national nutrition survey 2018 showed that 36.9 percent of the population faces food insecurity. Primarily, this is due to limited economic access by the poorest and most vulnerable group of the population – particularly women – to an adequate and diverse diet. The survey also showed the second highest rate of malnutrition in the region with 18 percent of children under 5 suffer from acute malnutrition, around 40 percent of the children in the same age group are stunted and 29 percent are underweight. All complementary feeding indicators are far below acceptable levels, only one in seven children aged 6–23 months receives a meal with minimum dietary diversity, with at least four diﬀerent food groups, and around 82% children are deprived of the minimum number of the meals a day.
WFP’s work in Pakistan aligns with the Government’s priorities as defined in its Vision 2025 and as has been further highlighted with respect to malnutrition and reducing rates of stunting by Prime Minister Imran Khan, elected in 2018. WFP supports Government-led efforts to improve food and nutrition security among vulnerable communities in response to the effects of recurring human and climatic events; work with communities in the most hazard-prone parts of the country to build resilience; address malnutrition; and create an enabling environment for women to achieve social and economic equality.
WFP is also working hand in hand with the Government of Pakistan to build capacity at national and provincial levels to develop multi-sectorial policies and strategies fully aligned with the Scaling-Up Nutrition (SUN) approach, partner on research initiatives in the areas of food security, join in cash-based welfare programs and provide expertise on disaster risk reduction, health and emergency preparedness and response.